Rosacea is a progressive disease that affects the facial skin. Symptoms may include one or more of the following:
- thread veins and a tendency to flush easily
- swelling of the nose
- eye irritation and dryness
Rosacea usually develops slowly and worsens over time, typically affecting people first in their mid 20's and mid 30's. It occurs most often in fair skinned men and women and has been nicknamed the curse of the celts. Women are more likely to get rosacea than men; however men are more likely to experience rhinophyma (bulbous nose).
In the early stages rosacea usually presents as a redness on the forehead, nose, cheeks or chin, which becomes persistent and then permanent over time.
Pimples may appear as the disease progresses
Patients may also notice enlarged blood vessels on the nose and cheeks.
Men, especially may develop fleshy bumps on the nose. As the number of bumps increases, the nose may appear swollen. This condition is called rhinophyma
Rosacea is a long - term disorder which tends to worsen over time. The condition may appear to improve and then inexplicably flare up and appear even worse than before.
The cause of rosacea is unknown. Various theories have been suggested but none of these are proven.
Certain things are known to aggravate or cause flare ups of rosacea. Exposure to sunlight, extreme heat, cold or wind, consumption of hot liquids, spicy foods or alcohol, (especially red wine)and stress can make rosacea worse, as well as anything that elevates blood pressure or causes flushing or blushing.
The red face and nose are often mistaken for excessive alcohol intake. While consumption of alcohol may aggravate the disease, it does not cause rosacea. The early stages of rosacea are deceptive. Thus, most people believe it is a complexion problem and do not seek treatment early enough. Early treatment may prevent the worsening of rosacea and the formation of telangiectasia. If left untreated, rosacea can ravage the complexion, and seriously affect self-esteem.
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